In the modern era, we are having so many ERP applications that handle organization details. SAP ECC is one of the best ERP applications in this field. SAP ECC is typically implemented in medium and large-sized companies, where the complexity to maintain the data is huge. It is very efficient and smooth to run complex data without impacting any performance.

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Though SAP has many industry solutions, it can be extended to handle various business situations. It uses programming language as ABAP. It stands for  Advanced Business Application Programming. We do all the customization related to SAP using this language. It is very popular and has a large community group to support.

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SAP Transport Management System

In the development world, we always try to follow the re-usability. Once we develop the code for some generic operation and mostly to be used in the future . So, we will be using the same code if the business logic is the same for another place. In this scenario SAP’s Transport management system (TMS) comes into picture. TMS  is used to move, manage, control, copy development objects and customizing settings in an orderly fashion across SAP systems in a landscape through pre-defined transport routes (RFC Connections).

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The transport process basically consists of exporting of objects out of the source SAP system and importing them into the target SAP system/s. We will be using an external transport package to import the data into SAP. In this blog, we are going to explain the process step by step.


Steps to import external package into SAP

The section below describes the steps involved in importing an external transport within SAP application.

Step 1: Go to CG3Z

Screenshot of entering Tcode CG3Z in SAP ECC

Step 2: If you know how to find the server path , Go to Step 3 else open a new session and go to AL11, and search for DIR_TRANS.

Screenshot of opening a new session by entering Tcode AL11

Double click on that row then select co-file row as shown in next screen

Screenshot of attributes files in SAP

Once we click on it we will have a list of imported cofiles. Click on any of row .

Screenshot of select cofile row in SAP

Note : if it will be first import then you will not find any file, In that case you can append the URL of DIR_TRANS (check above screen shot) with “/cofile” at end.

You will get the destination path to import it. Copy the path and paste it like below and keep the file name as it is.

Screenshot of source and target file in SAP

You can click to upload.

Step 3 : Same steps repeat to select the data file and then screen would look like below

Screenshot of selecting data files source and target file in SAP

Step 4 : Once we upload both the file, Open a new session using transaction code STMS.

Screenshot of Open a new session using tcode STMS

Click on import overview, select the system for which you want to import ex : Development , Quality etc. Navigate the path like below and click on “add”.

STMS adding SAP transport

Step 5 : You will get below screen and select the transport numbers which we uploaded.

Screenshot of transport requests in SAP

Step 6 : It will add a row like below

Screenshot of import queue in SAP

There are few option, if you want to do with the import. For example, if you have already imported once you may want to check the overwrite originals..

Screenshot of import Options in SAP

Synchronous/Asynchronous option:

Screenshot of Synchronous Asynchronous option in SAP

It will popup the screen like below.

Screenshot of popup screen of an import transport request in SAP

Click yes, it will take a few minutes to import the transport request.

Step 6: After successful import, you will find the screen similar to below screenshot

Screenshot of a successful import transport package in SAP

Based on the above steps, we will be able to import the external transport file into our SAP system.


Steps to export transport from SAP

In this section we will discuss the steps involved in exporting a transport from SAP.  Kindly note that you need to release the transport before you can export the same.

Step 1: Go to CG3Y transaction. Kindly note that you will need to download both the data and co files from SAP.

Step 2. Give the path of the data file (following the instruction to get the path of the file). Provide the path on your local drive where you need it to be downloaded.

Step 3. Give the path of the co-file (following the instruction to get the path of the file). Provide the path on your local drive where you need it to be downloaded.

Once you have both the data and co-files you are all set. You can upload the same into any other SAP application. We sincerely hope that this tutorial on importing the external package file was useful for you.


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